Getting a job at the present time, where unemployment is at its peak might be a difficult task. Especially, a fresher who doesn’t have any prior work experience has to go through a rigorous job search process. This is the reason behind many engineers from core branches of engineering are opting for an IT or a sales job. However, there is a way of getting into your dream mechanical company with the help of a manufacturing job.
In this article, I am going to discuss the 8 different topics related to three different departments of a manufacturing industry that can help you get any manufacturing job.
9 Topics that can get you any manufacturing job
- CAD Software
- GD & T
- Manufacturing Processes
- Lean Tools
- Workplace Ergonomics
Being a mechanical or a manufacturing engineer, you can start your career in a manufacturing industry that serves as a supplier to your dream mechanical company. To accomplish this, the first decision you have to make is to decide the department you would like to work for in a manufacturing industry. Afterall, every manufacturing industry consists of three different departments i.e. Design department, Manufacturing Department and Quality department. Learning all these 8 topics can give you an overall advantage over other freshers and help you get your first manufacturing job. Below is the list of 8 different topics that can help you get any manufacturing job.
The job of the design department is to discuss the customer about their product requirement and design necessities. The job of a design engineer is to make a 3D model of the product, check for the engineering considerations, draft the 3D model and provide the 2D drawings to different departments of the manufacturing industry. It won’t be wrong to say that the job a design engineer is a magnificent and a significant job. It not only help you to learn the real engineer skills but also offers you the knowledge of quality and manufacturing department too. Although, most of the work of the design department in a manufacturing industry is limited to drafting work sometimes there are some work orders which requires design corrections and R&D.
Beginning your career as a design engineer can lead you to have a future designation of ‘Product Designer’. Below are the three different topics that are must to get a manufacturing job with a job profile of a design engineer.
1. Cad Software
This topic doesn’t require an explanation. Every designing job starts with a design software a tool. Whether it be 2D drafting or 3D modeling, both of them requires the knowledge of Cadd software. The annoying part of this is finding the right software to learn as there is more than 20 Cadd software out there in the market such as Catia, Solidworks, AutoCAD etc. Moreover, every company uses different software, for example, Tesla uses Solidworks, BMW uses CATIA and SpaceX uses NX. Thus, making your software search job much more difficult. However, I would suggest you learn the software used by your dream mechanical company.
Read This: 20+ Cadd Software, Which one should I learn?
DFX or DFMA stands for Design for Manufacture and Assembly. It is a design approach that focuses on ease of manufacture and efficiency of assembly. With the help of DFMA, it is possible to manufacture and assemble a product more efficiently, in minimum time and at a lower cost. Learning only Cadd software’s doesn’t teach you the engineering and design considerations behind the product. DFMA offers you the knowledge of engineering and design considerations taken while designing a product. The below diagram depicts the procedure of DFMA to be followed while designing any product. This can save your product from being unstable and failing in the future.
3. GD and T
GD and T stand for Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing. It is a structured language of symbols, rules, dimensions, and tolerances that allows the designers to define the geometrical features of mechanical parts according to their functional requirements i.e. location, orientation, size, and form. Hence, making GD and T a precise language that allows the designers to “say what they mean” with respect to their design models in an easy & a simple way. Let say, for example, a design from Italy or Germany has been sent to your manufacturing company. How are you are going to read and understand the design? With this in mind, GD and T have become an important factor in a manufacturing industry. It acts as a language of communication between the designers, manufacturers., customers and quality inspectors.
The job of the manufacturing department is to manufacture the customer’s product using raw materials and product drawings. The job of a manufacturing engineer is to look for the manufacturing processes, inventory and meet the production requirement on time. Beginning your career as a manufacturing engineer can lead you to have a future designation of ‘Production Manager’. This department also requires several management skills such as supervising and planning. However, being a fresher these two topics are enough to get a manufacturing job with a job profile of a manufacturing or a production engineer.
4. Manufacturing Processes
Manufacturing is defined as the conversion of raw materials into the finished goods using man and machine whereas manufacturing processes are defined as the methods used for conversion of raw materials into finished products. Based on the product requirement there different types of manufacturing processes used to get the required output. This topic is must for a manufacturing job with the job role of manufacturing/production engineer. The image below depicts the ‘Manufacturing Process Tree’. Learning about all these manufacturing processes in detail can help you get the right manufacturing job.
5. Lean Tools
Another must know topic to get a manufacturing job is Lean Tools. Although, there are several lean tools(40+), many industries only implement some of the important tools such as 5S, Kaizen, Kanban, Jidoka, 7QC etc.
Obviously, it is not possible everything about these tool. In fact, being a fresher, industry won’t ask you to implement it rather ask you to just be a part of it.
So, youcan learn the basics of these tools such as How they work? , What are the rules?, How to follow? etc.
Ergonomics is defined as the science of designing the workplace, as the poor workplace design leads to fatigued, frustrated and hurting workers. In fact, this rarely leads to the most productive and involved worker rather it leads to painful and costly injuries, lower productivity and poor product quality. In other words, industry growth depends on whether they are implementing ergonomics in their workplace or not and lack of it might lead to musculoskeletal disorders [MSDs]. Thus, making workplace ergonomics an important and a necessary requirement for every manufacturing industry.
The job of the quality department is to inspect the product, solve the quality issues and look after the customer complaints. This department forms the backbone of every manufacturing industry. In fact, the company’s revenue depends on the amount lost on poor quality. The job of a quality engineer is to perform a regular quality audit for every work orders, check for defects, and provide remedies to defect. Beginning your career as a quality engineer can lead you to have a future designation of ‘Quality Inspector’. Below are the two different topics that can help get a manufacturing job with a job profile of a quality engineer.
CAPA stands for ‘Corrective Action and Preventive Action‘. It is a process through which a problem is investigated, root causes are identified & corrective & preventive actions are implemented. Although, the main goal of implementing CAPA is to assure that the problem is never experienced again. The image below depicts the seven different stages of CAPA followed after an external or internal quality failure. Every quality audit starts with CAPA and hence making it the must required skill for a manufacturing job with the job profile of a quality engineer.
Cost of Poor Quality or COPQ is the building block of any manufacturing industry and might lead to loss of business if not considered as the first priority. As a matter of fact, every manufacturing industry deals with poor quality until and unless they achieve the six sigma. COPQ is a part of six sigma which helps a manufacturing industry to calculate their spendings on poor quality. It consists of four different costs i.e. Appraisal Cost, Internal failure Cost, External Failure Cost and Prevention Cost. Learning COPQ might act as an overall advantage for a manufacturing job with the job role of quality engineer.
Some skills are essential for working in any organization and in any department. A new recruit always handles the company data at the beginning in order to understand the company better. To accomplish this most of the company uses office suite software’s and learning one of them can increase your chances of getting a manufacturing job or any another job irrespective of the job role.
Microsoft Excel is the oldest and the most widely used data handling software. In fact, 80% of the jobs require the understanding of Microsoft Excel & 81% organizations across the globe are using Microsoft Excel to manage their data. Every business organization wants their employees to have a basic level knowledge of this software. In fact, according to the research of indeed.com, spreadsheets were the most desired software skills of 2017.
There are several more topics such as Inventory Management, Supervising, Quality assurance and Quality Control required to work in a manufacturing industry. Although, the above mentioned eight topics are enough for a fresher to get any manufacturing job.
Best of Luck!