Plastic Industry is the term invented by C2E for all the manufacturing industries making plastics products. Look around yourself, the furniture at your home, the interior of your car or the cloth you are wearing might be made up of plastics. Well, whenever less strength is required in a product, plastic outshines the metal and the plastic industry comes to action. Plastic products are cheaper, easy to manufacture & no powder coating/electroplating is required as in case of metals. Moreover, plastic products can also be given smooth & shiny looks and also plastics can be molded into any kind of shape very easily with the use of one single process. This is the reason why most of the companies are trying to use plastics at max in their products.
There are two different types of plastics:-
- Thermosets [Non-Recyclable]
- Thermoplastics [Recyclable]
Thermoplastics used in Plastic Industries are as follows:-
- PP – Polypropylene
- PET – Polyethylene terephthalate
- PS – Polystyrene
- PVC – Polyvinyl chloride
- HDPE – High-density polyethylene
- LDPE – Low-density polyethylene
Manufacturing Processes used in Plastic Industry are as follows:-
- Injection Molding
- Blow Molding
- Vacuum Molding
- Compression Molding
- Extrusion Molding
- Rotational Molding
Products made by Plastic Industry are:-
- Household Products
- Automobile Products
- Food Packaging
- Polyester Clothes
PP and PET are the most used plastic types. Injection Molding, Blow Molding and Extrusion Molding is the most widely used plastic product manufacturing process. More than 95% of the daily used products such as a chair, toys etc are manufactured using injection molding process, bottles are mainly manufactured using blow molding process & Pipes/Tubes are manufactured using extrusion molding process.
Design Modules used in a Plastic Industry are as follows:-
- Part Designing
- Mold Tools
Plastic Industries in India
Ever since 1957, the Plastic Industry in India has made significant achievements as it made a modest but promising beginning by commencing production of Polystyrene. The chronology of manufacture of Indian polymers is summarised as under:- 1957 – Polystyrene, 1959- LDPE, 1961- PVC, 1968- HDPE, 1978- Polypropylene. Plastic Industry is about 0.5% of India’s GDP. The export of plastic products also yields about 1% of the country’s exports. This sector provides employment to 3.3 million people of the country.
List of top plastic industries in INDIA are following:-
1. Nilkamal Industries Limited
Nilkamal Limited is a plastic products manufacturer based in Mumbai, India. It is the world’s largest manufacturer of molded furniture and Asia’s largest processor of plastic molded products. Their product range consists mainly of custom plastic moldings, plastic furniture, crates, and containers. The company also has a chain of retail stores under the @home brand
2. Finolex Industries Limited
Finolex Industries Limited is India’s premier manufacturer of rigid polyvinyl chloride pipes and fittings, and the country’s second-largest producer of PVC resins. Headquartered in Pune, in the state of Maharashtra, it is part of the Finolex Group that is the world’s largest manufacturer of insulated PVC cables for the automobile industry. The group also manufactures optical fiber cables and rods.
3. Plastiblends India Limited
Headquartered in Mumbai, in the state of Maharashtra, Plastiblends pioneered masterbatch manufacturing for the Indian plastics industry. Masterbatches are stabilizers, colorants and other additives such as electrostatic inhibitors that are used in processing raw polymers into finished plastics. Plastiblends also produces compounds to prevent fibrillation of plastics, such as woven plastic products, during stretching. It belongs to the Kolsite Group, a leader in the manufacture of plastics extrusion machinery.
4. Supreme Industries Ltd
Supreme Industries Ltd is an Indian plastics company, based in Mumbai. It handles volumes of over 320,000 tonnes of polymers annually. The Company manufacture Industrial and engineering molded Furniture products, storage and material handling crates, Plastic Chairs, Dining Tables, multilayer sheets, multilayer films, packaging films, expanded polyethylene foam, PVC pipes, and fittings, molded furniture, shatranj mats, disposable EPS containers